Within the sprawling city of Athens it is easy to imagine the golden age of Greece when Pericles had the Parthenon
(the most eminent monument of the ancient Greek architecture) built.
When the tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides were performed in the Theater of Dionysus. And when democracy brought all citizens together to decide their common fate on the Pnyx Hill.
Athens is built around the Acropolis
and the pinnacled crag of Mt. Lycabettus, which the goddess Athena was said to have dropped from the heavens as a bulwark to defend the city. (Athens currently has over four million inhabitants).
The suburbs have covered the barren plain in all directions and the city is packed with lively taverns and bustling shops.
Dominating the Athenian landscape, the Acropolis
is unsurpassed in its beauty, architectural splendor and historic importance.
The entrance to the Acropolis is the Parthenon
(designed by Mnesycles, and constitutes an original architectural composition of great importance), which extends 150 feet adjoining the
Temple of Athena Nike
or Wingless Victory (which was built from 430 to 424-3 BC).
is situated on the highest part of the Acropolis
and was built between 447 and 437 BC and reflects the values and the objectives of the Athenian State at the time. It was here that modern democracy began its early foothold.