Droughts and floods are common to the Mediterranean region, yet the typical Mediterranean climate of this Turkish region gives it the status of the chief agricultural producer. The rich, fertile land of the Mediterranean region in combination with the warm climate is ideal for the cultivation of citrus fruits. Cereals and cotton are grown in the irrigated plains.
The western part of the Mediterranean region is blocked by rising limestone structures (karsts), reaching heights of up to 2800 meters. This region houses some major cities of Turkey with the most prominent being Antalya. Having its own port, Antalya is an important business hub of Turkey.